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Welcome to the Home Page of the Advisory Council on Human Rights of the Government of Sudan.
This site has been created to provide official government information on human rights in Sudan. It also gives you the opportunity to bring violations of human rights to the attention of the Advisory Council so that it can try to take action to end or prevent the violations.
The government of Sudan is committed to respecting the human rights of everyone under its jurisdiction. It believes that this goal is compatible with the Islamic and African traditions of Sudan. And the Advisory Council will strive to do its utmost to fulfil its responsibility in this regards.
When was the Advisory Council created?
The Advisory Council was first created in 1992 by the a decree of the Council of Ministers as a Coordinating Committee.
By another decree of the Council of Ministers in 1994, the Coordinating Committee became the Advisory Council.
Both governmental and non-governmental organizations are represented on the Advisory Council. The Minister of Justice is the Chairperson and the Head of the Department of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law is its Rapporteur.
In early 1998, the Department of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law was formed in the Ministry of Justice. Dr. Elmufti is the Head of this Department and is assisted by several legal advisors.
What does the Advisory Council do?
The Advisory Council first and foremost advises the government on any issue relating to human rights. I has several sub-committee's (see the section below entitled "Government Action in the Field of Human Rights in Sudan") and oversees the twenty-six Committees on Human Rights Education that were formed in each of the twenty-six states of Sudan.
Between November and December 1998 three laws were passed in implementation of provisions of the new Constitution. The first law concerned Political Parties. The second law concerned Elections. And the third law concerned the establishment of the Constitutional Court that was created by the new Constitution. In February 2000, the Law on Political Association was revised and a new Press Law was enacted.
In December 1998, the Advisory Council of Human Rights was informed of an allegation of slavery concerning two girls whose family name is Dut and who come from the Wau region of Sudan. The Advisory Council is investigating this allegation with the view towards resolving the matter in accordance with Sudanese and international human rightys law.
In December 1998, the military trial of 27 persons accused of involvment in the bombings that took placce in Khartoum in July 1998 was suspended because of an application to the High Court of Sudan, Constitutional Division, challenging the legitimacy of a military trial under Sudanese law and the international law applicable in Sudan. The hearing by the Constitutional Division took place in 1999. In February 2000, all of the defendants were pardoned by the President and released.
In August and September 1998, the Advisory Council worked on the draft law for the Constitutional Court and a draft law for Political Parties.
Each March/April the Government of Sudan participates in the United Nations Commission on Human Rights. The Special Rapporteur on the Situation of HUman Rights in Sudan presents his report on Sudan and a resolution is considered critizing the government's human rights record. The Government usually responds by criticizing the report and resolution for their failure to recognize the improvements that have taken place and calls on the United Nations and the international community to support the peace process and technical assistance for Sudan in the field of human rights.
Although the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Sudan was renewed, the Special Rapoporteur himself, Gaspar Biro, resigned. In 1999 Mr. Leonardo Franco was named the new UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Sudan. He can be reached through Ms Georgia Paserrelli at the Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights, tel: +41-22-917-9101 and fax: +41-22-917-9003.
In March 1998, a delegation from the Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights visited Sudan to discuss cooperation in the field of human rights with government and non-governmental organizations in Sudan.
In March 1999, the President also submitted a revised draft constitution to the National Assembly for its approval before being approved by the people of Sudan in a national referendum. A copy of this constitution has been circulated to Sudanese inside and outside of Sudan for their comments. The draft contains many human rights in Chapter II. Among these rights are the right to life, to freedom of expression, association and movement, to appeal to higher courts in accordance with law, to be presumed innocent, the right of petition, the right to freely manifest one's religion, etc..
At the end of March 1998 the National Assembly approved the draft with few changes. It will now be put to a national referendum.
In February 1998, Mr. El-Ghali, currently senior legal council to the Minister of Justice, was named the Representative for the Advisory Council in the three Kordofan states.
Mr. El-Ghali will reside in Kadugali and the following will be among his tasks:
*To coordinate government action for protecting and encouraging human rights in the states of Kordofan.
*To oversee the Human Rights Education Committees that have been formed in the three states.
*To bring action against government officials who violate human rights.
Last modified: Tuesday, 28-Mar-2000 13:36:16 EST
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